Answerset

Abkhaz

Reciprocal markers

NameDescriptionAnswerset
1'one and one': àjºə-y=àjºə-yAdditional bipartite reciprocal markerAbkhazSections: Basics(2), Morphology(16), Syntax(10), Selection(12), Polysemy(12), Discontinuous(2)

2ay-Verbal prefix, preceded by pronominal markersAbkhazSections: Morphology(12), Syntax(9), Selection(12), Polysemy(12), Discontinuous(2)

3ayba-Verbal prefix, preceded by pronominal markersAbkhazSections: Morphology(13), Syntax(10), Selection(12), Polysemy(11), Discontinuous(1)

4Reduplicated plural pronounsAdditional bipartite reciprocal markerAbkhazSections: Basics(2), Morphology(15), Syntax(10), Selection(11), Polysemy(12), Discontinuous(1)

Examples

List examples

Custom Properties

Language

Language name
Abkhaz
Ethnologue code (ISO 639-3)
abk
Genetic classification (Ethnologue)
North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Abkhaz-Abazin
CommentsWALS: Northwest Caucasian
Language group (Ethnologue top level)
North Caucasian
CommentsWALS: Northwest Caucasian
Language genus (following WALS)
Northwest Caucasian
Linguistic macro-area (following WALS)
Eurasia
Transliteration
Hewitt's orthography with minor changes due to the limitations of Unicode in comparison to type writer + hand-written diacritics.
I use pairs of IPA letters for apico-palatal (retroflex) affricates: <ʈʂ>, <ɖʐ>; Hewitt's <c j> + bottom hook are not available.
Erroneously, I used the MASCULINE ORDINAL INDICATOR (00BA) º instead of ring above (02DA) or combining ring above (030A). The distinction is apparent in some fonts, e.g. with an additional underline under the ring/o of 00BA.
CommentsI substituted English grammatical words by glosses, e.g. 'RCP' for 'e(ach) o(ther)'; '1PL' for 'we'.
I use the labels A, S, O instead of Hewitt's 'transitive subject', 'intransitive subject', 'direct object'. The main reason is to emphasize the distinction of A and S.
Sources consulted
Hewitt, B. George. 1989. Abkhaz. London: Routledge. [Reprint of Hewitt, B. George. 1979. Abkhaz. Amsterdam: North-Holland.]

Session

Session status
Completed
Public
yes
Session type
Based on written sources only
Analyst conducting session
Thomas Hanke
Analyst's familiarity with the language
no knowledge of the language

Classification

Balanced samples
Genetic-WALS, Areal-50, Areal-Genera-50, Areal-Language-50
Rating of the collected data for this language
Good

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