Answerset

Alaba

Reciprocal markers

NameDescriptionAnswerset
1-akk'-am / -ʔ-amA middle and the passive suffixAlabaSections: Morphology(13), Syntax(6), Selection(8), Polysemy(13), Discontinuous(1)

2gaga-Case-PossPartially reduplicated reflexive/intensifierAlabaSections: Basics(1), Morphology(14), Syntax(10), Selection(12), Polysemy(13), Discontinuous(2)

3mat-mat-Gender-Case-Possone-one-Gender-Case-PossAlabaSections: Morphology(14), Syntax(10), Selection(11), Polysemy(12), Discontinuous(3)

Examples

List examples

Custom Properties

Language

Language name
Alaba
CommentsSchneider-Blum (2007) uses the form "Alaaba".
Ethnologue code (ISO 639-3)
alw
Genetic classification (Ethnologue)
Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, East, Highland
CommentsWALS: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Eastern Cushitic
Language group (Ethnologue top level)
Afro-Asiatic
Language genus (following WALS)
Eastern Cushitic
Linguistic macro-area (following WALS)
Africa
Transliteration
I substitute "DEM" for "CL" for the cliticized dependent demonstratives (Schneider-Blum 2007: 111-113), and "POSS" for "PC" for the pronominal (possessive) clitics (Schneider-Blum 2007: 111-113), which are inter alia used between the instrumental and locative and the possessive clitic.
Instead of double glossing like '3SG:F/3PL', I use the simple gloss '3' (cf. Schneider-Blum 2007: 200f.). I drop the gloss "TN" for the unmarked transnumeral form.
I adopt Schneider-Blum's (2007) examples including the marking of optional final vowels, e.g. ʔíss(a) '3PL.NOM'
CommentsAlaba shows features of marked-nominative languages (cf. Schneider-Blum 2007: 72-84). Among the features are: the absolutive form is used for O, and for citation, as nominal predicate, points of time, and some other environments.
The nominative is used for A and S, but not for much else.
Sources consulted
Schneider-Blum, Gertrud. 2007. A grammar of Alaaba: a highland East Cushitic language of Ethiopia. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe.

Session

Session status
Needs review/editing
CommentsThe entries on the non-verbal markers are as complete as possible.
The entry for the verbal marker is complete, but lacks examples.
Public
yes
Session type
Based on written sources only
Analyst conducting session
Thomas Hanke
Analyst's familiarity with the language
no knowledge of the language

Classification

Balanced samples
Genetic-WALS, Areal-Genera-50
Rating of the collected data for this language
Good

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