Language

Ngaju

Pronoun forms

FeaturesNameLanguage
11sg akuNgajuSections: Properties(2)

21etr ikäi teloNgajuSections: Properties(3)

31epl ikäiNgajuSections: Properties(3)

41idu koäNgajuSections: Properties(3)

51itr ita teloNgajuSections: Properties(3)

61ipl itaNgajuSections: Properties(3)

72sg ikauNgajuSections: Properties(2)

82du nduä/keton duaNgajuSections: Properties(2)

92tr ntelo/keton teloNgajuSections: Properties(2)

102pl ketonNgajuSections: Properties(2)

113sg NgajuSections: Properties(2)

123du äwen duäNgajuSections: Properties(2)

133tr äwen teloNgajuSections: Properties(2)

143pl äwenNgajuSections: Properties(2)

Custom Properties

Language

Language name
Ngaju
Alternative language name
Ngaju Dayak
Ethnologue code (ISO 639-3)
nij
Old database number
1173
Genetic classification (Ethnologue)
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Barito, West, South
Genetic classification (relevant subgroups)
Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Barito
Language family (Ethnologue top level)
Austronesian
Linguistic macro-area (following WALS)
Indonesia (Kalimantan)
Reference
Epple, K.D. Kurze Einführung die Ngadjoe-Dayak Sprache. Bandjermasin, 1933.

System typology

System type
Type H
Number system
singular-dual-trial-plural
Clusivity
Parallel 1st person inclusive/exclusive opposition
System neutralisation(s)
Neutralisation of 1st person dual inclusive.

System details

Number suppletion
Yes, in a part of the system
Number affixation
Yes, a numeral (numeral based)
Commentsthe 2nd and 3rd person dual and trial forms are formed by adding the numeral as a 'loose' clitic to the stem, creating a 'pronominal phrase'.

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