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Anaphora Typology Database

The Anaphora Typology project (Utrecht University) is surveying the binding properties of reflexives and reciprocals, referred to collectively as 'local coreference strategies'. This database is focused on reflexives, although some information is also provided on pronouns and reciprocals. It contains glossed example sentences (grammatical or ungrammatical) in a variety of syntactic configurations. A limited number of languages are examined in detail. Only a few languages and properties are currently in the system.

contact Alexis Dimitriadis
researcher Alexis Dimitriadis
researcher Martin Everaert
researcher Eric Reuland
researcher Tanya Reinhart (1943-2007)

Free Personal Pronoun System

The FPPS is the web interface for the database of free personal pronoun systems

contact Norval Smith
researcher Norval Smith
researcher Marlou van Rijn

Graz Database on Reduplication

The Graz Database on Reduplication provides access to data on reduplication in the world's languages. The collected examples are described phonologically, morphologically and semantically, together with information on productivity and diachrony.

contact Veronika Mattes
contact Ursula Stangel
researcher Veronika Mattes
researcher Motomi Kajitani
researcher Bernard Hurch
researcher Angela Fessl
researcher Ursula Stangel

Person Agreement Database

The Person Agreement Database (PAD) contains analytical (language-level) data for over 400 languages of the world on person agreement and some related areas such as word order. The information is coded in terms of over 250 variables. For a subset of these, citations to relevant pages in reference grammars are given.

contact Dik Bakker
researcher Anna Siewierska
researcher Dik Bakker

Smith's Phoneme INventories

Smith's Phoneme INventory is a collection of phoneme inventories and lexical tones in 111 languages. Digitized by the TDS project.

contact Norval Smith
researcher Norval Smith

Stress Typology Database

The Stress Typology Database (StressTyp) contains information on the metrical (stress) systems of 500 languages, based on grammars and theoretical works. Notions covered include rule-based stress, lexical stress, extrametricality, foot types, etc.

contact Rob Goedemans
researcher Harry vd Hulst
researcher Rob Goedemans

Syllable Typology Database

The Syllable Typology Database (SylTyp) contains information on syllable structures. Restrictions and rules concerning possible syllabic structures are provided, as well as information pertaining to the length and content of these structures.

contact Harry van der Hulst
contact Rob Goedemans
researcher Harry van der Hulst

Topic Focus Database

The Topic-Focus Database gives information about the ways in which languages give formal expression to information-structural categories such as Topic, Focus and Contrast, and their many subtypes. Expression strategies considered include syntactic, morphological and prosodic means of indicating the informational status of a constituent. A further parameter considered concerns the nature of the targeted constituent.

contact Enoch Aboh
researcher Enoch Aboh
researcher Marina Dyakonova
researcher Kees Hengeveld
researcher Niels Smit

Typological Database Amsterdam

The Typological Database Amsterdam (TDA) focuses on the basic word order and constituent order systems of various languages. Information classifying the parts-of-speech system of these languages is also provided.

contact Kees Hengeveld
researcher Kees Hengeveld

Typological Database Nijmegen

The Typological Database Nijmegen (TDN) contains analytical (language level) information on a variety of topics, including: basic word order, intransitive predication, case marking, temporal sequencing, relative clause information, comparatives, possessive constructions, verbal morphology, tense/aspect, noun phrase coordination, manner adverb encoding, verbal derivation. The number of languages varies from topic to topic, with a minimum of 140 for all topics, and a maximum of 410 for some.

contact Leon Stassen
contact Rob Goedemans
researcher Leon Stassen

Typological Database of Intensifiers and Reflexives

The Typological Database of Intensifiers and Reflexives (TDIR) provides information on intensifiers and reflexives as well as on some related domains of grammar such as the middle voice and scalar focus particles. Its focus is on accurate language description and documentation ('grammar fragments'). The data have been obtained from both native speaker consultation (primary data) and literature on the relevant topics and languages (secondary data). For secondary data, sources and references are generally indicated. The database contains information on more than a hundred languages, including approximately 600 examples. The sample is not balanced genetically or areally.

contact Volker Gast
researcher Ekkehard König
researcher Volker Gast
researcher Daniel Hole
researcher Peter Siegmund
researcher Stephen Töpper

UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database

The UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database (UPSID) is a collection of phoneme inventories from 451 languages. Features such as manner, place, length, phonation type and secondary articulation are included.

contact Ian Maddieson
contact Rob Goedemans
researcher Ian Maddieson

World Color Survey (summary)

Mapping of color categories onto basic color terms

contact Paul Kay
researcher Paul Kay
researcher Luisa Maffi